Among the most common causes of male infertility, poor sperm production affects the quality and quantity of sperm.
40% to 50% of the cases are caused by infectious diseases, endocrine and immune problems, and unknown causes.
Following the third day of the menstrual cycle, confirm ovulatory function, including the presence of the follicle-stimulating hormone.
After three days of abstinence, it is more accurate to check the semen.
You are recommended to abstain from sexual activity three days before the intercourse test, which is scheduled for the day before ovulation.
Hysterosalpingography can be used to determine how the uterine cavity and fallopian tubes are structured before ovulation takes place.
Diagnostic laparoscopy is scheduled for the follicular cycle before ovulation.
B. Further Checks
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)blood test for prolactin
Endometrial biopsy in the luteal phase
Check for immune problems and anti-sperm antibodies in both sexes.
Microbial culture of cervix and endometrium
Sperm function tests, such as egg pellucida and sperm binding.
Regardless of which procedure is used, the most important thing is to get the correct infertility diagnosis so that effective treatment can be followed.In addition, the age of the woman and the coordination between husband and wife will also affect the choice of treatment.
Older women will lead to a decline in the ovulation function of the ovary, the quality of the embryos, and the poor implantation environment of the endometrial embryos, resulting in a higher incidence of infertility.
It is known that smoking and drinking can cause poor blood vessel function, which in turn affects the ovaries and testes’ ability to produce eggs and sperm, as well as disrupting hormonal balance, which can affect fertility.